Our breeding system, born from the experience developed in the first place at the level of study of the industry, with insights and visits to various facilities in Italy and abroad, then the whole thing has turned into direct experimentation in the field, where certain devices and amendments to those who have professed to the dictates that are as unique solutions to the success of the activity, have given the best results, with a lower cost is required, especially in the start-up of the system, and get a perfect production both quantitatively and at the level of product quality.
To simplify the understanding of our system, we subdivide the breeding cycle in several stages:
1 - Tillage
At the start of business on the ground has to be prepared with plowing and milling operation that should be done at the beginning of winter, before the arrival of the rains and the lowering of temperatures.
From the second year, as there is potentially even snails in the pens, we proceed with the simple milling in December/January, after freeing completely the fences.
2 - Preparing the ground
After the processing proceeds with the disinfestation of the entire plant, the anti-snail (to eliminate unwanted slugs and snails ), deratting important in the winter months and cold ( the period during which the mice are very active ) and a good fertilizing targeted depending on the type of soil you are using.
3 - The sowing
Depending on the climate, between the beginning of February and March, proceed with planting broadcaster fences with summer - Kale Cabbage and Chard cutting power and useful as useful as repens clover living environment and to maintain good soil moisture.
4 - Construction of fences
The fences do not have a forced measure, although for convenience we say standard when measuring 46.5 x 3.5 mt. We recommend you to experience not exceed 3 meters in width to facilitate all operations of clearing and collection without having to go in the pens.
Networks used are specific, encourage the protection from the sun and prevent the output of most of the snails, are fixed to the wooden poles ( normally chestnut) at a distance of about 3/ 4 m from each other.
The networks may have 1 or 2 ruffles possibly fixed with a 45 ° angle, are buried for about 20/30 cm to prevent the entry of predators and to better preserve the production.
At the moment there are several manufacturers of networks in Italy, but the research is not easy and often we are faced with offers quite out of the market, but due to lack of experience and knowledge of the industry are purchased by the first bidder.
Note: We also deal in doing market research to offer the best solutions, subjecting several quotes to those who need it.
5 - Entering breeding
Upon reaching about 10/15 cm tall vegetables sown, we proceed with the placing of breeding, with an average of 12/15 per square meter of fence.
Note: In this case it is advisable to buy only after you have explored the market well . The prices vary widely and range from staggering € 0.08 to € 0.25 per player!
6 - Birth and feeding of small
After about 2 months of entering the breeding begin to arise, however, that the first small continue to be born throughout the summer/autumn, with a greater presence of pairs arrival of heavy rains.
We therefore advise you to remove the breeding between late September and early October, when most of them will have done 2 annual depositions as nature intended.
From the month of August we should start giving supplementary food, and an increase of snails in the pens, and because the vegetation planted begin to run low.
The extra power will have to be made up of:
- To supply fresh as sunflower, but also fresh fruit and other useful cuttings . Be careful not to overdo it with products that are too rich in water that easily develop harmful parasites (watermelons, melons, zucchini etc ...).
- Foods made from a mixture of flour grains such as corn, barley, soybeans, field beans etc ... with added calcium and vitamins that will promote natural growth and rapid, making the snails ready for harvest, reaching hardness of the shell, edging, texture of the meat and exceptional taste, in short, all the aesthetic and organoleptic characteristics that make the product better and refined.
Note: The amount of feed recommended as a supplement to food, fresh is around 45/50 kg per week for each 1000m of breeding.
7 - The collection and purging
Between late September and early October we start the actual collection of the new production which will run until the end of December (in fact some weather even in January ).
In the event that the weather does not permit a complete collection you will leave the fences with the snails still young people who will go into hibernation for waking up in late February / early March, resulting in a final collection and then start preparing the ground for the new annual cycle.
Note: Before harvesting suspend for at least 4 days irrigation.
Collect only if the soil is dry, and it has not rained in the last 24 hours.
Collect only fully mature snails with hard shell and broadsides.
Fundamental phase of the work, to which we devote the proper attention in order not to jeopardize all the work is purging. Immediately after harvest to put the snails in ventilated cages until a maximum of 1 /3 of the available volume.
The cages should be placed in covered areas such as sheds, porches or warehouses with so much ventilation.
Leave the snails at least 10/15 days, stirring occasionally to clean residue from bleeding.
8 - Packaging and conservation
Once past the 10/15 days, proceed to the choice of snails ready, remove the dead, and put back in their cages those still wet. Is important to pack the snails until it is completely dry. A simple test you can be done packing the snails in retinas from 5 kg leaving them on the ground will not have to leave moisture on the ground.
After these operations put the bags in boxes for fruit and ventilated place possibly on pallets in the warehouse.
Note: The snails are dry and packaged can be up to 180 days, reducing their weight by about 3 % per month.
They can also be stored in the cold room at a temperature ranging between 6 ° and 8 ° C.